Advantages of the Speaker’s Proposal for the Irish People

In Jonathan Swift's satirical work, "A Modest Proposal," the speaker offers a proposal that aims to address the socio-economic issues plaguing Ireland at the time. By suggesting the sale of Irish babies as food, the speaker targets the English Whig ministry in England and their exploitation of Ireland. However, hidden within the absurdity of this proposal are several advantages that the speaker proposes for the Irish people. These advantages include reducing the number of Catholics, allowing the poor to pay rent, enriching the nation, relieving poor parents of the burden of raising children, improving the menu at taverns, and ultimately improving marriage and family. Through this biting satire, Swift highlights the absurdity of the English government's actions while shedding light on the harsh conditions faced by the Irish population.

What Is the Problem of Ireland From Swift’s Perspective?

Jonathan Swift, in his controversial essay “A Modest Proposal,” offers a scathing critique of the multitude of problems he perceives in Ireland. From his perspective, one of the primary issues lies in the incompetence of Irelands politicians, who prove unable to address the pressing social and economic issues plaguing the nation. Swift laments their lack of vision and leadership, which leads to a perpetuation of suffering for the Irish people.

In addition to the failings of Irelands politicians and wealthy elite, Swift condemns the tyranny imposed by the English. He protests against the oppressive policies enforced by the English government, arguing that these policies only serve to further marginalize and impoverish the Irish people. Swift perceives the English dominion as a significant obstacle to Irelands progress and autonomy.

Through his essay, Swift aims to shed light on these issues, provoke conversation, and prompt a proactive response to improve the welfare of the Irish people.

In A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift tackles the grave issues of overpopulation, poverty, and rampant street theft that plagued Ireland during his time. Armed with a distinctive approach, Swift seeks to capture the attention of the masses and shed light on the harsh realities that the Irish people faced.

What Is the Problem in Ireland in a Modest Proposal?

He proposes a disturbing but satirical solution to the problem – that the poor Irish people should sell their infants as a source of food for the wealthy. Swift presents this idea in a logical and detailed manner, using statistics and economic arguments to support his proposal. He acknowledges the humanity of the children and the cruelty of his suggestion, but he argues that it’s a necessary evil for the betterment of society.

The problem in Ireland, according to Swift, is the extreme poverty and overpopulation. He describes the streets filled with beggars, children being neglected and forced to become thieves in order to survive. The country is unable to sustain it’s population, leading to widespread suffering and despair. Swift argues that traditional solutions, such as encouraging industry or providing assistance to the poor, have failed to alleviate the problem.

In A Modest Proposal, Swift satirizes the heartless attitudes of the rich and powerful towards the less fortunate. Instead of sympathizing with the plight of the poor, he suggests that their children be turned into commodities for the upper class. This shocking proposal serves to highlight the stark inequality and lack of empathy in society.

Swifts intention isn’t to advocate for cannibalism or child exploitation, but to provoke a response and reveal the absurdity of the situation. By presenting such an unthinkable solution, he challenges his readers to confront the reality of poverty and the indifference of those in power. Through his use of irony and dark humor, Swift aims to ignite a sense of outrage and demand for change.

A Modest Proposal is a critique of the prevailing social and economic conditions in Ireland during Swifts time. It exposes the inefficiency of the government, the wealth disparity, and the disregard for the lives and well-being of the poor. Swifts intention is to shock his readers into recognizing the severity of the crisis and to provoke serious discussions on finding real solutions.

The Modest Proposal quizlet offers various advantages, as detailed by the speaker. Firstly, it aims to reduce the number of Catholics, addressing a religious and social issue. Additionally, it would provide the poor with a tangible asset, potentially helping them overcome their financial struggles. Moreover, the plan claims to boost the economy and introduce a new food source, benefiting society as a whole. Furthermore, it proposes a decrease in the time “breeders” have to raise children, potentially alleviating the burden of overpopulation. Moreover, it suggests the potential for improved business in taverns, offering economic opportunities. Lastly, the plan aims to encourage marriage, potentially fostering stability and social cohesion. These six principal advantages form the basis of the Modest Proposal quizlet.

What Are the Advantages of the Modest Proposal Quizlet?

The Modest Proposal quizlet offers a range of advantages that the speaker believes will bring about various positive changes in society. According to the speakers proposal, there are six principal advantages that can be attained. Firstly, reducing the number of Catholics is seen as an advantage, as the speaker suggests that this would alleviate the burden on Protestant landlords and decrease the tensions between the religious factions. Secondly, by giving the poor a tangible asset in the form of their children, the speaker argues that they’d become valuable members of society.

The third advantage outlined in the Modest Proposal quizlet is the aid it would provide to the economy, as the sale and consumption of children would introduce a new food source and stimulate various industries related to it’s production and preparation. This would potentially bring about economic growth and create employment opportunities. Additionally, by decreasing the time it takes for “breeders” to raise children in order to sell them, the speaker believes that this would free up their time and allow them to focus on other endeavors, thus increasing productivity.

In the Modest Proposal quizlet, it’s suggested that the plan would also benefit taverns business. The speaker proposes that the consumption of childrens flesh in taverns would attract more customers, leading to the growth of this industry. Lastly, the speaker argues that his proposal would encourage marriage. By incentivizing marriage through financial rewards and opportunities for selling their offspring, the speaker suggests that individuals would be more inclined to enter into marital unions, which would then lead to more stable and economically secure households.

The proposals goal is to bring about positive changes in society, although the speakers intentions and the nature of the proposal itself have often been interpreted as satirical and provocative.

Analysis of the Speaker’s Arguments and Logic in the Modest Proposal Quizlet

  • Identify the main arguments made by the speaker in the Modest Proposal
  • Examine the logical consistency and coherence of these arguments
  • Evaluate the evidence and examples provided by the speaker to support their claims
  • Analyze the speaker’s use of rhetorical devices and persuasive techniques
  • Assess the overall effectiveness of the speaker’s arguments in convincing the audience
  • Consider any potential counterarguments or weaknesses in the speaker’s reasoning
  • Draw conclusions about the speaker’s overall argumentation and logical structure

Source: A Modest Proposal Flashcards – Quizlet


While seemingly outrageous and repugnant, his chief satirical target is the English Whig ministry's exploitation of Ireland. By suggesting the sale of Irish babies as food, Swift highlights the absurdity of the English government's indifference towards the suffering of the Irish. In this proposal, Swift asserts that his scheme would have various advantages for the Irish people, such as reducing the number of Catholics, allowing the poor to pay rent, enriching the nation, relieving poor parents from the burden of raising children, improving the menu at taverns, and ultimately enhancing marriage and family dynamics. Through this extreme proposal, Swift unveils the hypocrisy and cruelty of the ruling class, inviting readers to reflect on the urgent need for genuine solutions to the Irish people's plight.